Hey. Welcome to my Australian Shepherd Dog Breed review
The Aussie (another name for the Ossi) was bred as a farm dog. The Australian shepherd is not only an excellent shepherd but also a loyal companion. Despite the name, it has little to do with Australia.
Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Origin
They wanted to breed the dog in the USA, interbreeding Collies and Pyrenean shepherds. They were used in the protection of livestock, as well as working with rescuers. Large dogs (such as Alabai) need permanent work, the farmers could not provide it.
The history of the breed could not be found out for many years. The Hartnagle family, having bought the Ossi, began to breed them and tried to find out their history. It turned out that the dogs were brought to the United States from Australia with sheep (this is their original origin). In America, the breed was improved.
The ancestor of the Aussie is an Australian shepherd doggess from the Pyrenees named Feo. The Aussie was first recognized in 1957. At the same time, a dog named Panda was registered with the national herding dog registry, and the American Australian Shepherd Club was established. In 1970, nurseries began to appear, and in 1977 a breed standard was developed and approved. Nowadays canine science gives a detailed description of the Aussie.
Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Color
The color of the coat is individual. There are several types:
- Blue or marble blue.
- Red merle – the drawing got its name because of the merle gene.
- Red marble, red tricolor.
Ossie is also called a blue dog. The coat is of medium length and hardness. The color may contain copper or white spots. It can also be white on the neck (collar).
The Australian Shepherd Kelpie has various colors, maybe chocolate. Sometimes smooth-haired and long-haired.
Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Sizes
According to the description of the breed, the dog has developed muscles. Dimensions are the height of the male is 51-58 cm, the height at the withers of the doggess is 46-53 cm, the weight is 16-32 kg.
The body is slightly elongated. The limbs are proportional and strong. It is allowed to remove the fifth fingers. The tail is long, shortened (from birth), docked (in some countries it is prohibited to dock the tail).
The head is proportional. The muzzle tapers slightly towards the nose. The eyes are almond-shaped: blue-eyed, may be brown or amber. Eyes of different colors are allowed by the standard. The ears are triangular, medium, set high. The color of the nose depends on the color: in marble-blue and black – black, in reds and marble-reds – brown, in merles – with small pink spots.
- A variety of the breed is the Ossi Miniature (not recognized by the FCI standard) – its types:
dwarf (height – 26 cm, weight of an adult dog – 5.5 kg);
- toy (up to 8 kg, up to 36 cm);
- mini (up to 18 kg, up to 46 cm).
Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Character
Dogs are smart, try to please the owner, can make independent decisions. Australian Shepherd puppies get along with other pets, become friends for children. In relation to strangers, they behave with restraint, a little wary. Socialization is necessary, otherwise they will be aggressive towards strangers.
The Australian loves outdoor activities (running with a person, swimming, sports and games). The character is balanced, affectionate. It is active, will not be able to sit around locked up, will spoil things out of boredom. Doesn’t bark for no reason.
How To Take Care of Australian Shepherd Dog Breed
You can keep it in an apartment or a country house. In apartment conditions, the dog needs long walks. In a private house, you can equip a special aviary, but it is strictly forbidden to plant on a chain. The body adapts to any climatic conditions, and the warm undercoat will not let freeze.
Taking care isn’t complicated. Wool is combed out regularly (during molting – every day, otherwise dermatitis and other skin diseases develop). For this, a brush with sparse and long teeth is used. To remove the dead undercoat, a furminator is used.
Some breeders shave their dogs in summer to help them feel better in hot weather. This issue is controversial, there is no unequivocal opinion about the benefits of such a procedure. The fact is that the skin tans in the sun and can get burned.
It is recommended to bathe your pet no more than once every two months. In winter, it “bathes” in the snow, in the summer in a pond. It is recommended to wash it in the bathroom at home. After water procedures, the wool is thoroughly wiped and dried with a hairdryer. Drafts should be avoided until completely dry.
Long claws are trimmed with a nail clipper. The pads are checked for cuts and abrasions. The eyes are rubbed with a cotton pad with chamomile decoction or strong tea every day. Ears are cleaned with sponges soaked in baby oil.
If you feel an unpleasant odor from the ears, you need to take the dog to a specialist. Soft cartilage and special toys are given for the health of teeth. In addition, teeth are brushed with a special paste (or a nozzle on the finger).
Dogs with red color can hardly tolerate the bright sun, so they are taken out for a walk after sunset.
Once a month, the pet is treated with a flea and tick repellent. If the owner plans to breed puppies, it is worth remembering that the mating of the Australian Shepherd is allowed from 18 months.
How To Feed Your Dog
They are fed twice a day at the same time. Food is served at room temperature. Regardless of the type of feeding, the bowl should always have clean drinking water.
If the dog is going to be fed natural food, it should be balanced. In no case should you give food from the master’s table.
The main diet consists of lean meats, boiled poultry and fish (bones are removed beforehand), the offal is boiled. They also eat cereals, vegetables and fruits, fermented milk products.
Prohibited foods include:
- fat meat;
- smoked meats;
- sweets and pastries;
- tubular bones.
With such a diet, an additional introduction of the vitamin and mineral complex will be required. Dry food initially contains all the nutrients. You should not buy economy class food, you should choose at least premium.
Do not mix the two types of feeding, otherwise the pet will have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
How to Train Australian Shepherd Dog Breed
Aussie is easily trained, can make independent decisions. Puppies are brought up and trained from the moment they appear in the house. Education begins with the fact that the puppy is shown where it belongs and what should not be done. You cannot show weakness, otherwise it will be difficult to train later.
When all the commands are learned, the classes continue. Features of the breed: basic (basic) skills are taught in one lesson. It enjoys participating in dog sports (agility, diving and others). Loves to look for hidden things. You can also suggest learning different tricks.
During training, it is strictly forbidden to use physical punishment and rude methods, otherwise the pet will become timid. Rewards are considered to be much effective.
Choosing a Puppy
Choosing a good Australian is not as easy as it sounds. There are few nurseries, and the prices are high. If the dog is not planned to be shown at exhibitions, you can take individuals that do not meet the standard (mainly because of the color). Breeders sell them on the condition that the puppy is spayed.
When choosing a show class, it is imperative to study the standard, especially disqualifying vices. It is also recommended to consult with a dog handler, see the pedigree of the parents. Dishonest sellers may not provide all the documents, saying that they are expensive.
A puppy with blue eyes has a characteristic bright color, it is mobile, playful, constantly busy with something. It is important to choose appropriate names for your pet. For males, the nicknames Brig and Velis are suitable, doggesses named Alpha, Nifertiti and Carmelita will attract everyone’s attention.
Diseases of the Australian Shepherd Dog Breed
There are some typical diseases of the breed:
- dysplasia of the hip joint;
- eye diseases;
- diseases of the hearing organs.
Life expectancy is 12-15 years. To help your pet you can try CBD oil for dogs.
Pros and cons of the breed:
- Easy to train
- In rural conditions, it is capable of grazing livestock
- Poorly tolerates hot weather
- High price
The Australian Shepherd Aussie is a real find: it has amazing colors (blue merle, red merle and others), excellent characteristics and mental abilities (she is able to learn the command much faster than other breeds).