Top 10 most ancient dog breeds

The top 10 most ancient dog breeds
What is the world's oldest surviving dog   Breed and when did dogs first become 
domesticated? This is a question that   Has puzzled many for years. Although some studies 
suggest that dogs were domesticated as early as   40,000 years ago, recent evidence points to a 
date closer to 14,000 years ago. While many of   These have since gone extinct, there are 
some bloodlines that still thrive today!
  However, determining the exact age of a 
specific dog breed is challenging, as their   Lineages can date back to varying lengths. Recent studies have identified ancient dog   Breeds with DNA evidence suggesting they 
existed well before popular breeds such as   Golden Retrievers and German Shepherds. There are 
also many historical accounts and archeological   Findings that can give us a glimpse into 
the past history of certain canines.   To uncover the first dog breeds on earth, we've 
conducted extensive research and compiled the   Most current information to determine the 
oldest dog breeds known to man.
  Our video today showcases 10 of the oldest 
surviving dog breeds in the world!
  Dog number 1: The Chow Chow
Did you know that the Chow Chow,   With its distinctive fluffy appearance, has 
a rich history dating back over 2,000 years   To China? They were originally bred for various 
purposes, including retrieval, pointing, sledding,   Hunting, and guarding. In fact, the breed was 
so highly valued that during the Han Dynasty,   Depictions of the Chow Chow were created 
and can still be seen today. It's even said   That a Chinese emperor kept a remarkable 
5,000 of these dogs for hunting purposes!
  As the breed made its way to Britain 
in the 18th century through trade,   The name "Chow Chow" was given to the breed and 
referred to miscellaneous items on trade ships   That couldn't be classified in any other way. 
However, this breed's popularity skyrocketed when   Queen Victoria took an interest in it, solidifying 
its place as a royal companion for the nobility.
  So, while the Chow Chow might not be the oldest 
breed on our list, it's certainly one with an   Intriguing and fascinating history!
Dog number 2: The Chinese Shar-Pei
  The origin of the Chinese Shar Pei might be 
a mystery, but thanks to genomic testing, we   Know their lineage goes back thousands of years. 
This makes them one of the ancient dog breeds,   Believed to have been first bred in China around 
200 BC. And if you look at statues from the Han   Dynasty, around 2,200 years ago, you'll see a 
wrinkled dog that looks a lot like a Shar Pei.
  Nowadays, people love Shar Peis for their 
unique appearance. But way back when,   They were valued for their ability to protect 
farms and livestock from predators and for   Hunting. It's crazy to think that this breed, 
which has been around for over 2,000 years,   Was almost wiped out in the 20th century.
During China's communist revolution, the   Shar Pei population took a huge hit, but a breeder 
from Hong Kong issued an appeal in Life Magazine  

To save the breed. The resulting attention 
from the magazine feature led to a boom in   Shar Pei adoptions and breeding across the United 
States. With any luck these wrinkly fellas will be   Around another couple of thousand years!
Dog number 3: The Samoyed
  This next breed dates back roughly 3000 years 
and is among 14 breeds with a direct connection   To wolves. Indigenous to Siberia, Samoyeds were an 
integral part of Samoyedic culture and considered   Important family members, providing warmth and 
companionship. Their Siberian ancestry gives   Them natural herding instincts, which they used 
to help with nomadic reindeer hunts. During the   Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, Samoyeds were 
trusted companions to explorers like Shackleton,   Amundsen, and Scott. They gained popularity in 
England when Queen Alexandra became enamored   With the breed and helped establish them 
as both show dogs and beloved pets. Today,   Many descendants of her dogs can be found in 
kennels in the US, Canada, and Great Britain.
  Dog number 4: The Afghan hound
The origin of the Afghan Hound is   A topic of debate, with some suggesting 
Egypt and others pointing to Afghanistan,   As the name suggests. This breed is known 
for its long silky hair, narrow face,   And thin build, giving it a unique elegance. 
Despite misconceptions of low intelligence,   Afghan Hounds are actually just stubborn and 
prefer to keep their ancient hunting instincts   Intact, making them difficult to train. Recent DNA evidence suggests that the   Afghan Hound is one of the oldest dog breeds, 
with a history dating back over 3000 years.   Legend has it that two Afghan Hounds were even 
among the dogs depicted as being on Noah's   Ark. The breed was highly valued as a hunting 
companion by royalty and aristocrats in the   Mountainous regions of central Asia, where their 
long coats protected them from the cold and their   Paw pads allowed them to traverse rocky terrain. 
As sighthounds, they hunted leopards and gazelles   By sight and were bred for their speed. By the 
1800s, British soldiers brought Afghan Hounds   To the UK as show dogs, which is why there are 
still so many of them in the world today.
If you are interested in all   Sorts of dogs and want to learn more about other 
breeds, check out some of our playlists. It would   Make our day if you would subscribe to our channel 
and hit the bell icon so you don't miss new videos   And can learn more about dogs!
  Dog number 5: The Finnish Spitz
This breed has been around for an   Incredibly long time. They already existed and 
were brought from Russia by the Finno-Ugrian   People who migrated over 3000 thousand years 
ago. These tribes used the dogs primarily as   All-purpose hunting dogs. And because they were so 
isolated, the Finnish Spitz as a breed developed   With little influence from other breeds. Later, two sportsmen from Helsinki observed   The dogs in action and returned to Finland 
with the best specimens they could find to  

Continue the breed. They were bred to be 
bird and squirrel-hunting dogs, and today,   They are the national dog of Finland!
Dog number 6: The Siberian Husky
  The Husky is a breed with a rich and captivating 
history. Believed to have originated around 4000   Years ago in the Chuckchi, just a stone's throw 
from Alaska, these dogs were first brought to   Nome, Alaska in 1908. Today, Siberian Huskies 
are synonymous with sled dog racing and the   Vast frontiers of northern ice fields. But 
their origins may be even older. Researchers   Suggest that the Siberian Taimyr wolf may 
have played a role in the development of the   Breed by the Chukchi people, who lived in far 
northeastern Siberia. These indigenous people   Needed dogs that could not only be good family 
companions, but also haul sleds and light loads   As they traveled through the frozen tundra. Since 
then, the breed has remained largely unchanged,   And their wolf-like appearance makes it easy to 
imagine their close connection to the wild.
  Dog number 7: The Saluki
Now here is a breed steeped   In history and royalty that has captivated 
hearts for millennia. With its lightning speed,   Comparable only to that of a greyhound, the Saluki 
has long been a sought-after hunting companion,   Chasing down the swiftest of creatures, including 
gazelles, hares, and jackals. Along the Arabian   Peninsula, these dogs would work in tandem with 
falcons and hawks to bring down prey. With roots   That date back almost 5000 years, images of 
these slender, fast dogs with feathered ears,   Tails, and legs can be found on historical 
artifacts in the Middle East. Pharaohs, kings,   And nobles all held the Saluki in high esteem, so 
much so that they were even mummified in ancient   Egypt. Archeological evidence of this revered 
breed has been found in tombs along the Nile,   Solidifying the Saluki's place as an iconic and 
timeless symbol of royalty and prestige.
  Dog number 8: The Akita
Discover the fearless and dignified   Akita – prized for its calm demeanor 
and unwavering loyalty. Historically,   These dogs served as wild boar hunting companions 
to Samurai in the mountains of northern Japan.
  But the origin of Akitas has been the 
subject of much controversy. In 1962,   Bones of two canines were found at the 
Kamikuroiwa Rock shelter site and were   Carbon-dated to be between 9,000 and 9,400 years 
old. However, recent research has shown that   Carbon dating can be unreliable due to potential 
contamination from surrounding materials.
  Thanks to historical references and genetic 
evidence, it's now believed that Akitas have   Been around for approximately 6000 years. So embrace the rich history and noble spirit   Of this dignified breed and remember they are 
still one of the oldest regardless of current   Debates.
  What breed of dog do you think is the 
most ancient? Is there one we've missed?
  Let us know in the comments and share 
your thoughts with other enthusiasts!

Dog number 9: The Basenji
  Get ready to meet the Basenji – a primitive 
hunting breed from central Africa. These dogs   Were prized for their silent ways, lightning 
speed, sharp eyesight, and incredible sense   Of smell. Also known as the Congo Terrier, 
they helped tribe members drive small prey   From the bush and warn of bigger predators.
Basenjis are sometimes referred to as the   Ancestors of all dogs, but oddly enough, 
they have a personality more like a cat.   They're known for their love of staying clean 
and don't bark – instead, they yodel! They're   Also nicknamed the "jumping up and down dog" 
for their ability to leap high in tall grass.
  Believe it or not, these dogs have a long 
history. It's thought that they were gifted   To the pharaohs of ancient Egypt over 6400 years 
ago and are depicted in art from Babylon and   Mesopotamia. Today, Basenjis are still used for 
hunting in the Congo and make great family pets   In the US. You'll often find them in lure 
coursing events or as show dogs.   Dog number 10: The Alaskan Malamute
This is no ordinary dog breed;   They're living history! Their howl is a 
throwback to their Paleothic wolf cries   From deep within their bloodline. The Mahlemiut 
Inuit tribe used these dogs for their nomadic   Travels across the Kotzebue Sound in Alaska.
Malamutes carried heavy loads, scared away   Polar bears during hunts, and searched 
for seal breathing holes on the ice.
  These dogs are some of the oldest 
on the North American continent,   Potentially dating back 12 to 20 thousand years 
– that's older than the ancient Egyptians and   Their pyramids! In fact, mammoths were still 
roaming the earth when this breed appeared.
  Evidence of the Alaskan Malamute's existence can 
be found in the form of bone and ivory carvings   That look nearly identical to the breed we 
know today. Pair this with the discovery of   A 9,500-year-old preserved dog on the remote 
island of Zhokhov, whose DNA, extracted from   Its remains, provides us with evidence of 
very early diversification into sled dogs.   To date, the Zhokhov dog houses the 
oldest and most well-preserved dog genome,   Demonstrating a direct ancestral link to the 
Alaskan Malamute and the Greenland sled dog.   This strong connection to the long history 
of canine domestication makes the Alaskan   Malamute one of the oldest living 
breeds in the world today.
  Of course, there are still many studies being 
done, and technology is becoming more accurate   As the years go by. With new archeological 
finds and advancements in genetic testing,   Today's rankings of the most ancient 
dog breeds could continue to change,   So make sure to stay tuned for future videos!

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